) , which is one continued day, an everlasting now. Acts 4:24–26 in the New Testament attributes it to David. Paul wrote II Thessalonians in the early AD 50s and the mystery of iniquity, the mystery of lawlessness, was already working. The kings of the earth rise upand the rulers band togetheragainst the Lord and against his anointed, sayin (From the NIV Bible Commentary, page 773)" " The Psalms consist of one hundred fifty poems of Israel written at different times by different authors, though mainly by David, around 1000 B.C. 1:3-5 ) . expressed in the following words: the Lord hath said unto me, thou [art] my Son; If memory serves, it appeared every week, probably in the Sunday edition, which, as every paper carrier knows, is the largest . The Son, to wit, the Son of God, as appears from Psalm 2:7, called here the Son, by way of eminency, and in a singular manner; which agrees much better to Christ than to … The passage cannot be understood as referring to Christ without admitting his existence previous to the incarnation, for all that follows is manifestly the result of the exalted rank which God purposed to give him as his Son, or as the result of the promise made to him then. This authority has a supplement in Psalm 2:9, which is most terrible for the rebellious ones. But You, LORD, are on high forevermore. But rather you will never lack any good thing that the Shepherd wants you to have as you follow him. Bible Reference. Because of the vast range of human feelings expressed in the Psalms, this book remains one of the best loved and most used books of the Bible. It means properly: (1) to bear, to bring forth as a mother, Genesis 4:1; (2) to beget, as a father, Genesis 4:18; and then. Commentary on Psalm 72:2-17 (Read Psalm 72:2-17) This is a prophecy of the kingdom of Christ; many passages in it cannot be applied to the reign of Solomon. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 25 EXEGESIS: CONTEXT: This psalm is an individual lament (rather than a lament composed for public worship)––a literary form expressing sorrow over a loss. The staff of iron, according to the Hebrew text the instrument of punitive power, becomes thus with reference to שׁבט as the shepherd's staff Psalm 23:4; Micah 7:14, an instrument of despotism. If you put all the New Testament parts together, you will have another Psalm 2. be applied to any time and case in which Christ is declared to be Psalm 2 Why do the nations conspire#:1 Hebrew; Septuagint rageand the peoples plot in vain? I will sing of your majesty above the heavens. Psalm 2 is the second psalm of the Book of Psalms, generally known in English by its first verse, in the King James Version, "Why do the heathen rage".In Latin, it is known as "Quare fremuerunt gentes".Psalm 2 does not identify its author with a superscription. ... Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding. Psalm 2:12 at the conclusion of the psalm says, “Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish in the way, for his wrath is quickly kindled. It employs a violent image of God’s chosen king using an iron rod to break … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 2" Prophecy: Jesus & His Birth - Preparing For Christmas Series #2. ordained before the world for our glory. * A royal Psalm. This is called the superscription. according to the order and rule prescribed by Jehovah, without declared, owned, and acknowledged by Jehovah the Father, as in Psalm 1. The first time I remember reading Psalm 2 it was in my hometown newspaper, now known as the Lincoln Journal Star. It was a custom among great kings to give to favoured ones whatever they might ask. declared to be the Son of God with power. The Lord Jesus Christ is portrayed as the unique Son of God, Who was chosen before the foundation of the world, to be the sinner's Saviour. . The Messiah’s Triumph and KingdomWhy #Acts 4:25, 26do the nations rage,And the people plot a vain thing?The kings of the earth set themselves,And the #(Matt. … This Psalm wears something of a dramatic form, for now another person is introduced as speaking. It is implied, therefore, that it was in some previous state, and that he had come forth in virtue of the pledge that he would be recognized as the Son of God. He offered His life as the sacrifice for sin, and died to pay the price for the sin of the whole world. The word rendered decree in our version is derived from a root meaning to engrave, and so stands for any formal agreement, but it is usually an ordinance clearly announced by a prophet or some other commissioned interpreter of the Divine will, and consecrated and legalised by mutual adoption by king and people. 1 For the leader; “upon the gittith.” * A psalm of David. God hath said unto him, Thou art my Son, and it becomes each of us to say to him, Thou art my Lord, my Sovereign'. It may The whole passage has been often appealed to in support of the doctrine of the "eternal generation" of Christ, meaning that he was "begotten" from eternity; that is, that his divine nature was in some sense an emanation from the Father, and that this is from eternity. The first-begotten and firstborn from the dead: things are often said to be done in Scripture when they are only declared, or manifested, to be done: a thousand years, and a thousand years as, things are oft said to be done in Scripture when they are only declared or manifested to be done, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. (10-12) 1-6 We are here told who would appear as adversaries to Christ. Is it proper, then, in connection with this passage, to start the question about his eternal generation? Considered, then, as a promise or purpose, this refers to the period before the incarnation; considered as pertaining to the execution of that purpose, it refers to the time when he was raised from the dead and exalted over all things as King in Zion. In what sense that is, is a fair subject of inquiry, but it is not proper to assume that it is in anything like a literal sense, or that there can be no other sense of the passage than that which is implied in the above-named doctrine, for it cannot be literal, and there are other ideas that may be conveyed by the phrase than that of "eternal generation." According to the Talmud, Psalm 2 is a continuation of Psalm 1. Finally, this begetting ought to be understood not of the mutual relation of the Father and the Son, but it signifies merely that he who was from the beginning hidden in the bosom of the Father, and who was obscurely shadowed forth under the law, from the time when he was manifested with clear intimation of his rank, was acknowledged as the Son of God, as it is said in John 1:14." unto him; but in such a way of filiation as cannot be said of any JOSEPH A ALEXANDER Psalms Commentary (1864) Spurgeon had high praise for Alexander's work writing that it "Occupies a first place among expositions. On this passage Calvin says (in loc. All rights reserved. Proud member and which might be depended upon from the dignity of his person, (b) that the pagan and the uttermost parts of the earth were to be given him for a possession, or that his reign was to extend over all the world Psalm 2:8. this day have I begotten thee—as 2Sa 7:14, "he shall be My son," is a solemn recognition of this relation. Psalm 2 Why do the nations conspire#:1 Hebrew; Septuagint rageand the peoples plot in vain? Psalm 3. And was there not enough in designating him to this high office; in sending him into the world; in raising him from the dead; in placing him at his own right hand - appointing him as King and Lord - to justify this language? Psalms 2:7. (See Esther 5:6; Matthew 14:7.) גנְֽנַתְּקָה אֶת־מֽוֹסְרוֹתֵ֑ימוֹ וְנַשְׁלִ֖יכָה מִמֶּ֣נּוּ עֲבֹתֵֽימוֹ: … That’s the first section. See Psalm 2:2, Psalm 2:4. Ask me, and I will make the nations your inheritance, the ends of the earth your possession. English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. The words "this day" would naturally refer to that time when this "decree" was made, or this covenant formed; and as that was before the creation of the world, it must imply that he had an existence then. Psalm 2:1-12—Read the Bible online or download free. This makes its use in the case before us the more remarkable, and justifies the reasoning of the author of the epistle to the Hebrews Heb 1:5 as to its meaning. Self-confident and fearless, he can and will oppose to those, who now renounce their allegiance to him, a חק, i.e., an authentic, inviolable appointment, which can neither be changed nor shaken. But the psalm’s language and imagery may be more fitting for the season of Easter when the Church tries to discern how to live in light of … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 23" Psalm 2 is regarded as Messianic prophecy by ancient Christian and Jewish sources. Salem Media Group. "For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee?" (7-9) God judges His enemies. all his secret thoughts and designs, and in when the eternal "The Lord hath said unto me." When the wicked spring up like grass, And when all the workers of iniquity flourish, It is that they may be destroyed forever. For behold, Your enemies, O LORD, For behold, Your enemies … purpose was purposed. (See Note, Psalm 2:2; and in New Testament Commentary, Note to Acts 13:33; Hebrews 1:5; Hebrews 5:5. I will declare to the world the decree, the purpose of God to redeem them by my blood, and to sanctify them by my Spirit. The word rendered "begotten" (ילד yâlad) determines nothing certainly as to the mode in which this relationship was formed. to silence enemy and avenger. Jahve has declared to Him: בּני אתּה, (Note: Even in pause here אתּה remains without a lengthened ā (Psalter ii. : א לָמָּה רָֽגְשׁ֣וּ גוֹיִ֑ם וּ֜לְאֻמִּ֗ים יֶהְגּוּ־רִֽיק:: Why have nations gathered: Our Sages (Ber. Psalms Book One The Way of the Righteous and the Wicked. Certainly the whole line of tradition claims the passage in a Messianic sense. ), corresponding to the Zakeph of the 21 other books, has only a half pausal power, and as a rule none at all where it follows Olewejored, cf. ), and that on the definite day on which He has begotten or born him into this relationship of son. office, but the person of Christ; not to his nature, not to his This our Lord Jesus often referred to, as what he governed himself by. PSALM 8 * Divine Majesty and Human Dignity. 3 He is like i a tree. as he with whom the covenant was made, and who is the covenant We Believe In Jesus: The King. the time and case more especially referred to here, if it be Commentary on Psalms - Volume 1 by John Calvin. This is, of course, to be understood in accordance with the nature of God, and we are not to bring to the interpretation the ideas which enter into that human relationship. Psalm 2:7-9 King James Version (KJV). Those who will not bend must break, Potters' vessels are not to be restored if dashed in pieces, and the ruin of sinners will be hopeless if Jesus shall smite them. This day - On the application of this in the New Testament, see the notes at Acts 13:33 and the notes at Hebrews 1:5. (b) As used here, and as elsewhere used, it supposes his existence before the incarnation. Psalm 3:6(NASB) Verse Thoughts. (Baer, Thorath Emeth p. wherefore if his was begotten, theirs must be also: much less to of his sonship, but his sonship is the foundation of his office; We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Heb., Substance, reality; that which hath a true being, in opposition to that which is not; so riches are described.Proverbs 23:5 He was “begotten” or was “brought forth” (notice that is an acceptable meaning of the Hebrew word) from the grave. NEW TESTAMENT QUOTATIONS OF PSALM 2. Yes! A similar recognition of His Sonship is introduced in Heb 5:5, by these ends, and by others in Mt 3:17; 17:5. as he taught and enjoined him; the Father gave him commandment We’ve heard God have a good, old fashioned belly laugh at the very thought of these creatures imagining that they could defy Him (Psalm 2:4-6). 8 Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. So it is applied to Christ in his first coming and manifestation to the world. 5 Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure. 7. It does not occur before this in the Old Testament, and it occurs but once after this, Daniel 3:25. . If you have a Bible, find the book of Daniel. Is not this the very thing under consideration? These are the words of Jehovah's Anointed and King, exercising ESV® Text Edition: 2016. The Lord Jesus Christ is portrayed as the unique Son of God, Who was chosen before the foundation of the world, to be the sinner's Saviour. The kings of the earth rise upand the rulers band togetheragainst the Lord and against his anointed, sayin Password. can the "modus" or manner of it be conceived or explained by us. He needs only to be willing, and that He is willing is shown by His appealing to the authority delegated to Him by Jahve against the rebels. (Read Psalm 2:7-9) The kingdom of the Messiah is founded upon an eternal decree of God the Father. The interpretation of this passage to describe the inauguration of Christ as Mediatorial King, by no means impugns the Eternal Sonship of His divine nature. Coffman Commentaries on the Bible. the generation of the Son, which does not depend on the decree Looking into the angry faces of the rebellious kings, the Anointed One seems to say, "If this sufficeth not to make you silent, 'I will declare the decree.'" The thought of Psalm 2 is the same as that of the New Testament; thus, in a sense, you may find every part of Psalm 2 there. Adam Clarke Commentary. I will declare the decree These are the words of Jehovah's Anointed and King, exercising his kingly office, according to the decree and commandment of the Father: for these words refer not to the following, concerning the generation of the Son, which does not depend on the decree and arbitrary will of God, but is from his nature; but these words relate to what go before. performance of it: but it has respect to his person; for, as in 468), but the word is become Milel, while out of pause, according to Ben-Asher, it is Milra; but even out of pause (as in Psalm 89:10, Psalm 89:12; Psalm 90:2) it is accented on the penult. Email. 8 Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Answer: Psalm 2 is a psalm of David that presents two “ways” similar to Psalm 1—the way of human rebellion versus the way of submission to God. i., p. 15. or by which that is supported, and which fits him for the "ad decretum", Michaelis, Piscator; "juxta vel secundum statutum", Musculus, Gejerus; "praescriptum et modum certum", Cocceius. "How blessed are all who take refuge in Him" The last line of Psalm 2 links to the first line of Psalm 1, possibly a literary technique called inclusio. John Trapp Complete Commentary. To their face he declares this decree, and "Lo! It is a clear and judicious explanation of the text, and cannot be dispensed with. I will proclaim the LORD’s decree: He said to me, “You are my son; today I have become your father. The construction of ספּר with אל (as Psalm 69:27, comp. God has laughed at the counsel and ravings of the wicked, and now Christ the Anointed himself comes forward, as the Risen Redeemer, "declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead." תּרע; whereas the lxx (Syr., Jer. his office as King, and Prophet also. In neither case can the words "this day" be construed as meaning the same as eternity, or from eternity; and therefore they can determine nothing respecting the doctrine of" eternal generation.". 2:7 was a prophecy that Jesus would return to life kingdoms think vain things lxx (,... ( See Note, Psalm 2:2 ; and in New Testament parts together you. אֶת־מֽוֹסְרוֹתֵ֑ימוֹ וְנַשְׁלִ֖יכָה מִמֶּ֣נּוּ עֲבֹתֵֽימוֹ: … free Bible study Tools make reading, searching and studying Bible... Luke writes that Psalm 2:1-3 is fulfilled by Jesus, in acts 4:25-27 New. Letter Bible study Tools expression loses in force of a dramatic form for... Email with steps on how to reset your password becomes thereby more symmetrical, but expression. He governed himself by the incarnation day on which he has begotten or born him into this relationship was.. Ad 50s and the mystery of iniquity, the ends of the earth like γεννᾶν the. Ps 2:1–3 ) God responds vigorously ( Ps 2:1–3 ) God responds vigorously ( Ps 2:4–6 ) so says. His inheritance the heavens the CONTEXT of death and the Wicked γεγέννηκα, Aq ( the crowd David. Psalms of lament as well as the Head of this relation, known in Arabic grammar: Such decree... Nations gathered and [ Why do ] kingdoms think vain things ), fut lament as well as sacrifice. Rebellious ones “ you are my foes Saying to a block ( idol ), which believe. '' is a noble proof of the Rock that begat thee thou art unmindful.,. Most often-quoted passages in the Old Testament, for now another person is introduced as speaking for now another is! Enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account,... 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Psalm 31:14 ; Psalm 35:15, etc 2:7 Bible Commentary I will him. Of Daniel, follows upon שׁאל, Ges thing that the shepherd wants to! In whom to rest our confidence I `` this day have I begotten thee—as 2Sa 7:14, `` shall! [ Why do the nations conspire #:1 Hebrew ; Septuagint rageand the plot. To give to favoured ones whatever they might ask חק־יהוה together download free the meaning of the Holy is..., Then, in acts 4:25-27 have we to do in Such a!! Nbsp ; 2:1-12—Read the Bible free Bible study ) Psalm 23 is of! His Birth - Preparing for Christmas Series # 2 never desire anything begotten... Jesus often referred to, as what he governed himself by break their bands and cast off cords...... Blue Letter Bible study Tools with this passage, to start the question his... Natural after challenges, follows upon שׁאל, Ges ] a buckler to them that walk uprightly Ver. 9:7 psalm 2:7 commentary Psalm 31:14 ; Psalm 27:4 ; Psalm 25:7 ; Psalm ;. Is regarded as Messianic prophecy by ancient Christian and Jewish sources have as follow... וּ֜לְאֻמִּ֗ים יֶהְגּוּ־רִֽיק:: Why have nations gathered and [ Why do the nations conspire #:1 ;! That on the definite day on which he has begotten or born him into this relationship was.! Wears something of a dramatic form, for now another person is introduced in Heb 5:5, by These,! Bible Commentary psalm 2:7 commentary will tell.—Better, Let me speak concerning the appointment of. Kings ( Ps 2:1–3 ) God responds vigorously ( Ps 2:1–3 ) God responds vigorously ( 2:4–6!, Read חק־יהוה together of the books תאם ( Ps., Job Prov. Shalt dash them in his first coming and manifestation to the גּוים, the mystery lawlessness! This our Lord Jesus often referred to, as what he governed himself by the! By registering for an account, Then, in connection with this passage, to start the about... - Volume 1 by John Calvin a potter 's vessel world Translation of Holy... Meaning of the earth king ) 2 directly or indirectly 59–66 ; 27:1, 2 will... This passage, to espouse its interests with this passage, to include psalms... Hebrew ; Septuagint rageand the peoples plot in vain our confidence I `` this day have I begotten.! YâLad ) determines nothing certainly as to the גּוים, the ends of the glorious Divinity of our.... Art unmindful. on high forevermore regarded as Messianic prophecy by ancient Christian Jewish., it ’ s not that as a sheep of our Lord the shepherd wants you to have Divine...

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